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Effects of training and creatine supplement on muscle strength and body mass

Overview of attention for article published in European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, June 1999
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (91st percentile)
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (78th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
1 news outlet
blogs
1 blog
twitter
1 tweeter
video
1 video uploader

Citations

dimensions_citation
56 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
59 Mendeley
Title
Effects of training and creatine supplement on muscle strength and body mass
Published in
European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, June 1999
DOI 10.1007/s004210050575
Pubmed ID
Authors

Marc Francaux, J. R. Poortmans

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the effect of creatine supplement on the size of the extra- and intracellular compartments and on the increase of isokinetic force during a strength training-program. Twenty-five healthy male subjects (age 22.0+/-2.9 years) participated in this experiment. Seven subjects formed the control-group. They did not complete any training and did not have any dietary supplement. The eighteen other subjects were randomly divided into a creatine- (n = 8) and a placebo-group (n = 10). They were submitted to a controlled strength-training program for 42 days followed by a detraining period of 21 days. Creatine and placebo were given over a period of 9 weeks. The size of the body water compartments was assessed by bioimpedance spectroscopy and the isokinetic force was determined during a single squat by means of an isokinetic dynamometer. These measurements were completed beforehand, at the end of the training period, and after the determining period. Both placebo- and creatine-group increased the isokinetic force by about 6% after the training period, showing that creatine ingestion does not induce a higher increase of the force measured during a single movement. No change in body mass was observed in the control- and placebo-groups during the entire experiment period while the body mass of the creatine-group was increased by 2 kg (P < 0.001). This change can be attributed partially to an increase (P = 0.039) in the body water content (+1.11), and more specifically, to an increase (P < 0.001) in the volume of the inter-cellular compartment (+0.61). Nevertheless, the relative volumes of the body water compartments remained constant and therefore the gain in body mass cannot be attributed to water retention, but probably to dry matter growth accompanied with a normal water volume.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 59 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 3 5%
France 1 2%
United States 1 2%
Netherlands 1 2%
Unknown 53 90%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 14 24%
Student > Bachelor 12 20%
Student > Ph. D. Student 8 14%
Researcher 7 12%
Other 6 10%
Other 12 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Sports and Recreations 24 41%
Medicine and Dentistry 11 19%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 10 17%
Unspecified 5 8%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 5%
Other 6 10%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 19. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 April 2017.
All research outputs
#573,004
of 9,662,012 outputs
Outputs from European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
#287
of 2,425 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#25,046
of 280,623 outputs
Outputs of similar age from European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
#8
of 37 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 9,662,012 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 94th percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,425 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 9.9. This one has done well, scoring higher than 88% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 280,623 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 91% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 37 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 78% of its contemporaries.