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Presence of an Alcohol Use Disorder is Associated with Greater Pneumonia Severity in Hospitalized HIV-Infected Patients

Overview of attention for article published in Lung, July 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (53rd percentile)
  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (64th percentile)

Mentioned by

twitter
4 tweeters

Citations

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4 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
19 Mendeley
Title
Presence of an Alcohol Use Disorder is Associated with Greater Pneumonia Severity in Hospitalized HIV-Infected Patients
Published in
Lung, July 2016
DOI 10.1007/s00408-016-9920-1
Pubmed ID
Authors

Sarah E. Jolley, Qasim Alkhafaf, Catherine Hough, David A. Welsh

Abstract

Pneumonia is common and more severe in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Alcohol consumption in pneumonia patients without HIV is associated with excess mortality and morbidity. However, studies are lacking on the impact of alcohol on pneumonia and HIV. Our goal was to determine if alcohol use was an independent risk factor for pneumonia severity in HIV-infected patients. Secondary analysis of prospective cohort study data evaluating early bronchoscopy for pneumonia diagnosis in HIV patients between 2007 and 2011 was conducted. We defined AUDs using an alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT) score as follows: ≥8 indicates hazardous drinking and ≥14 indicates dependence. We quantified pneumonia severity using the pneumonia severity index (PSI). Multivariable linear regression was used to investigate the independent association between alcohol and pneumonia severity. A total of 196 HIV+ individuals comprised our cohort. Most cohort subjects were middle-aged African American men. Most subjects (70 %) reported not taking antiretroviral therapy. The overall prevalence of hazardous drinking was 24 % in our cohort (48/196) with 10 % (19/196) meeting the criteria for alcohol dependence. Alcohol consumption was significantly associated with pneumonia severity (r = 0.25, p < 0.001). Hazardous drinking (β-coefficient 10.12, 95 % CI 2.95-17.29, p = 0.006) and alcohol dependence (β-coefficient 12.89, 95 % CI 2.59-23.18, p = 0.014) were independent risk factors for pneumonia severity. Reported homelessness and men who have sex with men (MSM) status remained independent risk factors for more severe pneumonia after adjustment for the effects of alcohol. In a cohort of HIV patients with pneumonia, presence of an AUD was an independent risk factor for pneumonia severity. Homelessness and MSM status were associated with greater pneumonia severity in AUD patients.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 19 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 19 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 4 21%
Student > Master 3 16%
Student > Doctoral Student 3 16%
Researcher 2 11%
Lecturer > Senior Lecturer 1 5%
Other 4 21%
Unknown 2 11%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 8 42%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 16%
Psychology 3 16%
Social Sciences 1 5%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 5%
Other 1 5%
Unknown 2 11%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 10 June 2017.
All research outputs
#6,989,260
of 12,230,159 outputs
Outputs from Lung
#305
of 573 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#123,363
of 266,211 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Lung
#11
of 28 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,230,159 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 573 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.6. This one is in the 46th percentile – i.e., 46% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 266,211 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 53% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 28 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 64% of its contemporaries.