Heterologous prime-boost vaccination against tuberculosis with recombinant Sendai virus and DNA vaccines
Journal of Molecular Medicine, November 2019
Zhidong Hu, Weimin Jiang, Ling Gu, Dan Qiao, Tsugumine Shu, Douglas B. Lowrie, Shui-Hua Lu, Xiao-Yong Fan
In an earlier study, a novel Sendai virus-vectored anti-tuberculosis vaccine encoding Ag85A and Ag85B (SeV85AB) was constructed and shown to elicit antigen-specific T cell responses and protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection in a murine model. In this study, we evaluate whether the immune responses induced by this novel vaccine might be elevated by a recombinant DNA vaccine expressing the same antigen in a heterologous prime-boost vaccination strategy. The results showed that both SeV85AB prime-DNA boost (SeV85AB-DNA) and DNA prime-SeV85AB boost (DNA-SeV85AB) vaccination strategies significantly enhanced the antigen-specific T cell responses induced by the separate vaccines. The SeV85AB-DNA immunization regimen induced higher levels of recall T cell responses after Mtb infection and conferred better immune protection compared with DNA-SeV85AB or a single immunization. Collectively, our study lends strong evidence that a DNA vaccine boost might be included in a novel SeV85AB immunization strategy designed to enhance the immune protection against Mtb. KEY MESSAGES: A heterologous prime-boost regimen with a novel recombinant SeV85AB and a DNA vaccine increase the T cell responses above those from a single vaccine. The heterologous prime-boost regimen provided protection against Mtb infection. The DNA vaccine might be included in a novel SeV85AB immunization strategy designed to enhance the immune protection against Mtb.
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