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Smooth muscle CaMKIIδ promotes allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation

Overview of attention for article published in Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology, June 2015
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Title
Smooth muscle CaMKIIδ promotes allergen-induced airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation
Published in
Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology, June 2015
DOI 10.1007/s00424-015-1713-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Amy M. Spinelli, Yongfeng Liu, Li-Yan Sun, José C. González-Cobos, Johannes Backs, Mohamed Trebak, Harold A. Singer

Abstract

Airway smooth muscle (ASM) is a key target cell in allergen-induced asthma known to contribute to airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and chronic airway remodeling. Changes in ASM calcium homeostasis have been shown to contribute to AHR although the mechanisms and Ca(2+) signal effectors are incompletely understood. In the present study, we tested the function of ASM multifunctional protein kinase Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII) isoforms CaMKIIδ and CaMKIIγ in allergen-induced AHR and airway remodeling in vivo. Using a murine model of atopic asthma, we demonstrate that CaMKIIδ protein is upregulated in ASM derived from ovalbumin (OVA)-treated animals compared to controls. A genetic approach to conditionally knock out smooth muscle CaMKIIδ and CaMKIIγ in separate Cre-loxp systems was validated, and using this loss-of-function approach, the function of these CaMKII isoforms was tested in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway remodeling and AHR. OVA treatment in control mice had no effect on ASM remodeling in this model of AHR, and CaMKIIδ knockouts had no independent effects on ASM content. However, at 1 day post-final OVA challenge, OVA-induced AHR was eliminated in the CaMKIIδ knockouts. OVA-induced peribronchial inflammation and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) levels of the Th2 cytokine IL-13 were significantly decreased in the CaMKIIδ knockouts. Unexpectedly, we found increased peribronchial eosinophils in the smooth muscle CaMKIIδ knockouts compared to control animals at 1 day post-final challenge, suggesting that lack of ASM CaMKIIδ delays the progression of AHR rather than inhibiting it. Indeed, when AHR was determined at 7 days post-final OVA challenge, CaMKIIδ knockouts showed robust AHR while AHR was fully resolved in OVA-challenged control mice. These in vivo studies demonstrate a role for smooth muscle CaMKIIδ in promoting airway inflammation and AHR and suggest a complex signaling role for CaMKIIδ in regulating ASM function. These studies confirm the diverse roles of ASM cells as immune effectors that control AHR and call for further studies into CaMKIIδ-mediated signaling in ASM cells during disease.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 13 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 13 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Professor 3 23%
Unspecified 3 23%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 15%
Researcher 2 15%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 8%
Other 2 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 23%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 23%
Unspecified 3 23%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 15%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 8%
Other 1 8%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 16 September 2016.
All research outputs
#7,022,660
of 12,216,894 outputs
Outputs from Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
#809
of 1,204 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#108,060
of 236,678 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Pflugers Archiv European Journal of Physiology
#7
of 26 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,216,894 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 40th percentile – i.e., 40% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,204 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.5. This one is in the 30th percentile – i.e., 30% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 236,678 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 50% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 26 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 65% of its contemporaries.