In the era of personalized therapy, targeted treatment in specific patient populations is mandated.
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant treatment on locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) with a monoclonal agent against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), bevacizumab plus chemotherapy combination of liposomal doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and paclitaxel (PLAC-B).
Patients enrolled were at premenopausal status and characterized by human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, hormone-receptor positive (estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor-positive [ER/PR+]) or triple-negative (TNBC), LABC (T > 3 cm), with high-grade ductal carcinoma. Patients had to have a measurable disease and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0, with adequate hematologic, renal, and hepatic function. Patients received intravenous liposomal doxorubicin 30 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2, paclitaxel 120 mg/m2, and bevacizumab 8 mg/kg on day 1 of 15-day cycles for four cycles (four administrations as neoadjuvant treatment). The primary endpoint was complete clinical (cCR) and pathologic (pCR) response rates, while secondary endpoints included safety, breast-conserving surgery (BCS) conversion rate, and disease-free survival (DFS).
Sixty-two women were enrolled; 20 were ER/PR+ and 42 had TNBC. All underwent surgery, six received mastectomy, and 56 (90.3%) received BCS, with an equal conversion rate from initial indication for mastectomy. cCR was 25.8%. pCR in the breast and axilla occurred in 24 patients (38.7%). pCR was 42.9% for TNBC and 30% for ER/PR+. Hematologic adverse events (AEs) included neutropenia (74.2% total; 22.6% grade 3 [G3]) and febrile neutropenia (6.5% G3); non-hematologic G3 AEs included nausea (6.5%), mucositis (9.7%), and infection (3.2%), all of which were managed without negative sequelae. Over a 3-year follow-up, all patients were alive and DFS was 87.1%.
PLAC-B as neoadjuvant treatment of this subpopulation with TNBC and ER/PR+ patients is effective and safe. Further studies are necessitated.