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Biodegradation of high concentrations of halomethanes by a fermentative enrichment culture

Overview of attention for article published in AMB Express, June 2014
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Title
Biodegradation of high concentrations of halomethanes by a fermentative enrichment culture
Published in
AMB Express, June 2014
DOI 10.1186/s13568-014-0048-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Huifeng Shan, Han Wang, Rong Yu, Priya Jacob, David L Freedman

Abstract

A fermentative enrichment culture (designated DHM-1) that grows on corn syrup was evaluated for its ability to cometabolically biodegrade high concentrations of chloroform (CF), carbon tetrachloride (CT), and trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11). When provided with corn syrup and vitamin B12 (0.03 mol B12 per mol CF), DHM-1 grew and biodegraded up to 2,000 mg/L of CF in 180 days, with only minor transient accumulation of dichloromethane and chloromethane. CT (15 mg/L) and CFC-11 (25 mg/L) were also biodegraded without significant accumulation of halomethane daughter products. The rate of CF biodegradation followed a Michaelis-Menten-like pattern with respect to the B12 concentration; one-half the maximum rate (66 mg CF/L/d) occurred at 0.005 mol B12 per mol CF. DHM-1 was able to biodegrade 500 mg/L of CF at an inoculum level as low as 10(-8) mg protein/L. The highest rate of CF biodegradation occurred at pH 7.7; activity decreased substantially below pH 6.0. DHM-1 biodegraded mixtures of CT, CFC-11, and CF, although CFC-11 inhibited CF biodegradation. Evidence for compete defluorination of CFC-11 was obtained based on a fluoride mass balance. Overall, the results suggest that DHM-1 may be effective for bioaugmentation in source zones contaminated with thousands of milligrams per liter of CF and tens of milligrams per liter of CT and CFC-11.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 11 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 11 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 3 27%
Other 2 18%
Student > Bachelor 2 18%
Professor 2 18%
Student > Doctoral Student 1 9%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 1 9%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Environmental Science 4 36%
Engineering 3 27%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 1 9%
Chemistry 1 9%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 1 9%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 1 9%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 19 June 2014.
All research outputs
#18,985,797
of 21,340,745 outputs
Outputs from AMB Express
#937
of 1,175 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#170,750
of 203,020 outputs
Outputs of similar age from AMB Express
#1
of 1 outputs
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