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Assessment of organochlorine pesticide residues in soils and drinking water sources from cocoa farms in Ghana

Overview of attention for article published in SpringerPlus, June 2016
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (62nd percentile)

Mentioned by

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3 tweeters

Citations

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Readers on

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134 Mendeley
Title
Assessment of organochlorine pesticide residues in soils and drinking water sources from cocoa farms in Ghana
Published in
SpringerPlus, June 2016
DOI 10.1186/s40064-016-2352-9
Pubmed ID
Authors

Benedicta Y. Fosu-Mensah, Elvis D. Okoffo, Godfred Darko, Christopher Gordon

Abstract

Residues of organochlorine pesticides were determined in soils and drinking water sources in cocoa growing areas in Ghana. Soil samples analysed showed the presence of four organochlorine pesticide residues namely lindane (0.005-0.05 mg/kg), beta-HCH (<0.01-0.05 mg/kg), dieldrin (0.005-0.02 mg/kg), and p,p'-DDT (0.005-0.04 mg/kg), with dieldrin occurring most frequently. Similarly, organochlorine pesticide residues detected in the water samples were lindane (0.01-0.03 µg/l), alpha-endosulfan (0.01-0.03 µg/l), endosulfan-sulphate (0.01-0.04 µg/l), dieldrin (0.01-0.03 µg/l) and p,p'-DDT (0.01-0.04 µg/l), with heptachlor occurring most frequently. The concentrations of the detected organochlorine residues in the soil samples were below their respective US maximum residues limits (MRLs) for agricultural soils, except for lindane recorded at Kwakuanya (S4) and beta-HCH recorded at Krakrom (S3) and Kwakuanya (S4). Similarly, the organochlorine pesticide residues recorded in the water samples were below and within their respective WHO MRLs for drinking water except for alpha-endosulfan at Diabaa (S2) and Kwakuanya (S4) at distance 0-15 m and Kwakuanya (S4) at distance 16-30 m, endosulfan-sulfate at Nkrankwanta (S1) and Diabaa (S2) at distance 0-15 m and heptachlor at Krakrom (S3) at distance 16-30 m which were above their WHO MRLs. The presence of the banned organochlorine pesticide residues in soil and water samples from the study area indicates that these chemicals are still being used, illegally, on some cocoa farms. Routine monitoring of pesticide residues in the study area is necessary for the prevention, control and reduction of environmental pollution to minimize health risks.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 134 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 134 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 19 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 18 13%
Researcher 13 10%
Student > Bachelor 13 10%
Student > Postgraduate 10 7%
Other 30 22%
Unknown 31 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Environmental Science 27 20%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 20 15%
Chemistry 14 10%
Engineering 7 5%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 4%
Other 21 16%
Unknown 40 30%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 16 July 2016.
All research outputs
#13,108,149
of 21,745,818 outputs
Outputs from SpringerPlus
#716
of 1,844 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#134,342
of 274,912 outputs
Outputs of similar age from SpringerPlus
#15
of 37 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 21,745,818 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 38th percentile – i.e., 38% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,844 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.5. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 60% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 274,912 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 50% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 37 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 62% of its contemporaries.