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Endolithic Phototrophs in Built and Natural Stone

Overview of attention for article published in Current Microbiology, May 2012
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Title
Endolithic Phototrophs in Built and Natural Stone
Published in
Current Microbiology, May 2012
DOI 10.1007/s00284-012-0123-6
Pubmed ID
Authors

Christine C. Gaylarde, Peter M. Gaylarde, Brett A. Neilan

Abstract

Lichens, algae and cyanobacteria have been detected growing endolithically in natural rock and in stone buildings in various countries of Australasia, Europe and Latin America. Previously these organisms had mainly been described in natural carbonaceous rocks in aquatic environments, with some reports in siliceous rocks, principally from extremophilic regions. Using various culture and microscopy methods, we have detected endoliths in siliceous stone, both natural and cut, in humid temperate and subtropical climates. Such endolithic growth leads to degradation of the stone structure, not only by mechanical means, but also by metabolites liberated by the cells. Using in vitro culture, transmission, optical and fluorescence microscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy, both coccoid and filamentous cyanobacteria and algae, including Cyanidiales, have been identified growing endolithically in the facades of historic buildings built from limestone, sandstone, granite, basalt and soapstone, as well as in some natural rocks. Numerically, the most abundant are small, single-celled, colonial cyanobacteria. These small phototrophs are difficult to detect by standard microscope techniques and some of these species have not been previously reported within stone.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 41 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 1 2%
France 1 2%
United Kingdom 1 2%
Brazil 1 2%
Unknown 37 90%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 14 34%
Student > Master 7 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 5 12%
Student > Bachelor 4 10%
Unspecified 4 10%
Other 7 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 12 29%
Environmental Science 7 17%
Unspecified 6 15%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 10%
Medicine and Dentistry 4 10%
Other 8 20%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 June 2012.
All research outputs
#2,903,875
of 3,619,417 outputs
Outputs from Current Microbiology
#187
of 269 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#53,410
of 72,953 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Current Microbiology
#5
of 5 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 3,619,417 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 269 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.8. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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