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Preventive effects of regular physical exercise against cognitive decline and the risk of dementia with age advancement

Overview of attention for article published in Sports Medicine - Open, April 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (95th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
3 news outlets
twitter
16 tweeters

Citations

dimensions_citation
2 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
117 Mendeley
Title
Preventive effects of regular physical exercise against cognitive decline and the risk of dementia with age advancement
Published in
Sports Medicine - Open, April 2015
DOI 10.1186/s40798-015-0016-x
Pubmed ID
Authors

Thierry Paillard

Abstract

With age advancement, cognitive function is impaired and the risk of dementia is increased under the influence of normal or pathological cortical and subcortical neuronal alterations. Significant researches has been undertaken to analyze the preventive effects of exercise against the decline of cognitive function and the risk of dementia (e.g., Alzheimer's disease), particularly during the past 10 years. The aim of this short review is to report the scientific knowledge, relating to these effects, that has been obtained during the past 10 years. Acute physical exercise raises the cardiac output in response to increased needs for oxygen and energetic substrates compared to the state of rest, which increases the cerebral blood flow. The increased cerebral blood flow triggers various neurobiological mechanisms in the brain tissue. Repeated and regular physiological modifications related to exercise facilitate the synthesis of cerebral tissue. Regular physical exercise (rPE) may thus increase angiogenesis, neurogenesis, synaptogenesis, and the synthesis of neurotransmitters in different cerebral structures involved in cognition due to an increase in the liberation of neurotrophic factors and the production of enzymatic antioxidants. There is an inversely proportional relationship between the amount of physical activity undertaken and the risk of cognitive decline and/or the development of neurodegenerative disease. The synthesis of cerebral tissue under the influence of aerobic rPE may increase the volume of the gray and white matters of the prefrontal and temporal cortical areas as well as the volume of the hippocampus. Moreover, coordination exercise stimulates cognitive function, thereby inducing positive adaptations of cerebral function when regularly practiced. The possible effects of other types of exercise that weakly stimulate the cardiovascular system or cognitive function, such as stretching and strength training, are also beneficial but their mechanistic explanations require further exploration.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 16 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 117 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 2 2%
Canada 1 <1%
Unknown 114 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 23 20%
Student > Master 20 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 18 15%
Researcher 11 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 6 5%
Other 18 15%
Unknown 21 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Sports and Recreations 17 15%
Medicine and Dentistry 16 14%
Psychology 14 12%
Neuroscience 10 9%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 8 7%
Other 21 18%
Unknown 31 26%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 35. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 29 January 2021.
All research outputs
#750,587
of 18,439,562 outputs
Outputs from Sports Medicine - Open
#60
of 293 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#11,508
of 240,551 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Sports Medicine - Open
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 18,439,562 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 95th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 293 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 24.3. This one has done well, scoring higher than 79% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 240,551 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them