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Analysis of rabies diagnosis in dogs and cats in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Archives of Virology, May 2018
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Title
Analysis of rabies diagnosis in dogs and cats in the state of São Paulo, Brazil
Published in
Archives of Virology, May 2018
DOI 10.1007/s00705-018-3829-3
Pubmed ID
Authors

Juliana Galera Castilho, Samira Maria Achkar, Rafael de Novaes Oliveira, Enio Mori, Pedro Carnieli, Carla Isabel Macedo

Abstract

The genetic lineage of rabies virus (RABV) associated with dogs has not been found in the state of São Paulo since 1998, and all cases of rabies in domestic animals reported since then have involved the RABV lineage that circulates in bats. As there has been a change in the rabies transmission cycle in cats and dogs, we decided to analyze the tests used to diagnose rabies in these animals in the 15-year period from 2002 to 2016 in the state of São Paulo. During this period, 85,508 central nervous system (CNS) samples from dogs and cats were submitted to the Rabies Diagnosis Section at the Pasteur Institute of São Paulo for testing. All of the samples were tested by the fluorescent antibody test (FAT) and at least one of the following three tests: mouse inoculation test (MIT), rabies tissue culture infection test (RTCIT) and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Of all the samples tested, twenty were positive in at least one of these assays. Four other positive samples were identified at other institutions in the state of São Paulo. Of the twenty samples that tested positive at the Pasteur Institute of São Paulo, nine were tested by FAT, and the results were subsequently confirmed by other techniques; five gave inconclusive results, and therefore, other techniques had to be used as soon as possible in case the samples were positive; and six were negative by FAT and positive by one or more of the following tests: RTCIT, MIT and RT-PCR. Genetic typing of isolates from eighteen samples identified them as the lineage circulating in bats. In light of this finding, which indicates that genetic lineages associated with bats are circulating in domestic animals in the state of São Paulo, when the results of FAT carried out with samples from aggressive cats and dogs are inconclusive, complementary tests should be used. Decomposing samples and samples for which FAT was inconclusive should be tested using molecular techniques so that a definitive result can be obtained quickly and timely post-exposure prophylaxis can be administered to exposed individuals.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 14 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 14 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 6 43%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 14%
Researcher 2 14%
Other 1 7%
Professor 1 7%
Other 2 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 5 36%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 21%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 14%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 7%
Unspecified 1 7%
Other 2 14%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 16 May 2018.
All research outputs
#10,336,326
of 12,953,232 outputs
Outputs from Archives of Virology
#2,121
of 2,950 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#203,370
of 269,751 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Archives of Virology
#42
of 71 outputs
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