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A porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine candidate based on the fusion protein of PRRSV glycoprotein 5 and the Toll-like Receptor-5 agonist Salmonella Typhimurium FljB

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Veterinary Research, May 2015
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3 tweeters

Citations

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2 Mendeley
Title
A porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine candidate based on the fusion protein of PRRSV glycoprotein 5 and the Toll-like Receptor-5 agonist Salmonella Typhimurium FljB
Published in
BMC Veterinary Research, May 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12917-015-0439-0
Pubmed ID
Authors

Dan Xiong, Li Song, Xianyue Zhai, Shizhong Geng, Zhiming Pan, Xinan Jiao

Abstract

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is characterized by severe reproductive failure and severe pneumonia in neonatal pigs and is caused by PRRS virus (PRRSV). Glycoprotein 5 (GP5) from PRRSV is a key inducer of neutralizing antibodies. Flagellin, a toll-like receptor 5 (TLR-5) agonist, is an effective inducer of innate immune responses. This study presents a novel PRRSV vaccine candidate based on the adjuvant effect of Salmonella Typhimurium FljB fused with PRRSV GP5. A truncated rGP5 gene lacking the signal peptide and transmembrane sequences was amplified and inserted into prokaryotic expression vectors, pColdI or pGEX-6p-1. Salmonella Typhimurium flagellin fljB was amplified and inserted into the plasmid pCold-rGP5, generating recombinant plasmid pCold-rGP5-fljB. Histidine (His)-tagged rGP5 and fusion protein rGP5-FljB were induced with isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactoside, verified by SDS-PAGE and western blotting, and purified via Ni-NTA affinity columns. The TLR-5-specific bioactivity of fusion protein rGP5-FljB was determined by detecting the expression levels of the cytokine IL-8 in HEK293-mTLR5 cells by sandwich ELISA. The purified endotoxin-free proteins were administered intraperitoneally in a C3H/HeJ mouse model. The results show that immunization with the fusion protein rGP5-FljB induced a significantly enhanced GP5-specific and PRRSV-specific IgG response that persisted for almost 5 weeks. Co-administration of the rGP5 with R848 or Alum also yielded a higher IgG response than administration of rGP5 alone. The IgG1/IgG2a ratio in the rGP5-FljB immunization group was significantly higher (9-fold) than that in the rGP5 alone group and was equivalent to the response in the rGP5 + Alum immunization group, suggesting a strong Th2 immune response was induced by the fusion protein. Purified fusion protein rGP5-FljB is capable of activating the innate immune response, as demonstrated by the results of our TLR-5-specific bioactivity assay, and FljB has adjuvant activity, as shown by the results from our administration of rGP5-FljB in a mouse model. Our findings confirm that FljB could serve as an excellent adjuvant for the production of GP5-specific and PRRSV-specific IgG antibodies as part of an induction of a robust humoral immune response.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 2 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 50%
United States 1 50%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Unspecified 4 200%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 150%
Student > Postgraduate 2 100%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 100%
Student > Master 2 100%
Other 6 300%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 7 350%
Unspecified 4 200%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 150%
Computer Science 1 50%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 1 50%
Other 3 150%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 04 August 2015.
All research outputs
#2,702,573
of 5,441,926 outputs
Outputs from BMC Veterinary Research
#366
of 946 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#92,396
of 177,834 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Veterinary Research
#18
of 52 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 5,441,926 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 47th percentile – i.e., 47% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 946 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.3. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 56% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 177,834 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 43rd percentile – i.e., 43% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 52 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 55% of its contemporaries.