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Isolated and Dynamical Horizons and Their Applications

Overview of attention for article published in Living Reviews in Relativity, December 2004
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#38 of 104)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (87th percentile)

Mentioned by

1 Wikipedia page
3 Q&A threads


386 Dimensions

Readers on

96 Mendeley
Isolated and Dynamical Horizons and Their Applications
Published in
Living Reviews in Relativity, December 2004
DOI 10.12942/lrr-2004-10
Pubmed ID

Abhay Ashtekar, Badri Krishnan


Over the past three decades, black holes have played an important role in quantum gravity, mathematical physics, numerical relativity and gravitational wave phenomenology. However, conceptual settings and mathematical models used to discuss them have varied considerably from one area to another. Over the last five years a new, quasi-local framework was introduced to analyze diverse facets of black holes in a unified manner. In this framework, evolving black holes are modelled by dynamical horizons and black holes in equilibrium by isolated horizons. We review basic properties of these horizons and summarize applications to mathematical physics, numerical relativity, and quantum gravity. This paradigm has led to significant generalizations of several results in black hole physics. Specifically, it has introduced a more physical setting for black hole thermodynamics and for black hole entropy calculations in quantum gravity, suggested a phenomenological model for hairy black holes, provided novel techniques to extract physics from numerical simulations, and led to new laws governing the dynamics of black holes in exact general relativity.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 96 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 4 4%
Germany 4 4%
Spain 2 2%
Canada 2 2%
United Kingdom 2 2%
India 1 1%
Mexico 1 1%
China 1 1%
South Africa 1 1%
Other 2 2%
Unknown 76 79%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 30 31%
Researcher 17 18%
Student > Master 14 15%
Professor > Associate Professor 8 8%
Professor 6 6%
Other 21 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Physics and Astronomy 81 84%
Unspecified 5 5%
Mathematics 5 5%
Computer Science 1 1%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 1 1%
Other 3 3%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 11. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 January 2014.
All research outputs
of 13,213,864 outputs
Outputs from Living Reviews in Relativity
of 104 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 317,231 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Living Reviews in Relativity
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,213,864 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 89th percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 104 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 11.7. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 63% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 317,231 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 87% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them