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Involuntary vs. voluntary hospital admission

Overview of attention for article published in European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience, December 2007
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (58th percentile)

Mentioned by

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2 tweeters

Citations

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86 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
77 Mendeley
Title
Involuntary vs. voluntary hospital admission
Published in
European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience, December 2007
DOI 10.1007/s00406-007-0777-4
Pubmed ID
Authors

Thomas W. Kallert, Matthias Glöckner, Matthias Schützwohl

Abstract

This article systematically reviews the literature on the outcome of acute hospitalization for adult general psychiatric patients admitted involuntarily as compared to patients admitted voluntarily. Inclusion and exclusion criteria qualified 41 out of 3,227 references found in Medline and PSYNDEXplus literature searches for this review. The authors independently rated these articles on six pre-defined indicators of research quality, carried out statistical comparisons ex-post facto where not reported, and computed for each adequate result the effect size index d for the comparison of means, and the Phi- or contingency coefficient for cross-tabulated data. Methodological quality of the studies, coming mostly from North American and European countries, showed significant variation and was higher concerning service-related than clinical or subjective outcomes. Main deficits appeared in sample size estimation, lack of clear follow-up time-points, and the absence of standardized instruments used to assess clinical outcomes. Length of stay, readmission risk, and risk of involuntary readmission were at least equal or greater for involuntary patients. Involuntary patients showed no increased mortality, but did have higher suicide rates than voluntary patients. Further, involuntary patients demonstrated lower levels of social functioning, and equal levels of general psychopathology and treatment compliance; they were more dissatisfied with treatment and more frequently felt that hospitalization was not justified. Future methodologically-sound studies exploring this topic should focus on patient populations not represented here. Further research should also clarify if the legal admission status is sufficiently valid for differentiating the outcome of acute hospitalization.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 77 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 1 1%
Brazil 1 1%
Norway 1 1%
United States 1 1%
Iran, Islamic Republic of 1 1%
Bangladesh 1 1%
Unknown 71 92%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 16 21%
Student > Bachelor 12 16%
Student > Master 10 13%
Student > Postgraduate 9 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 12%
Other 21 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 29 38%
Psychology 19 25%
Unspecified 11 14%
Social Sciences 8 10%
Business, Management and Accounting 3 4%
Other 7 9%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 22 November 2017.
All research outputs
#6,998,177
of 12,177,594 outputs
Outputs from European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience
#389
of 711 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#159,744
of 336,526 outputs
Outputs of similar age from European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience
#5
of 12 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,177,594 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 40th percentile – i.e., 40% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 711 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.3. This one is in the 43rd percentile – i.e., 43% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 336,526 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 49th percentile – i.e., 49% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 12 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 58% of its contemporaries.