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Antibiotic-resistant genes and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the effluent of urban residential areas, hospitals, and a municipal wastewater treatment plant system

Overview of attention for article published in Environmental Science & Pollution Research, October 2014
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Mentioned by

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2 tweeters

Citations

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44 Dimensions

Readers on

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87 Mendeley
Title
Antibiotic-resistant genes and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the effluent of urban residential areas, hospitals, and a municipal wastewater treatment plant system
Published in
Environmental Science & Pollution Research, October 2014
DOI 10.1007/s11356-014-3665-2
Pubmed ID
Authors

Jianan Li, Weixiao Cheng, Like Xu, P. J. Strong, Hong Chen

Abstract

In this study, we determined the abundance of 8 antibiotics (3 tetracyclines, 4 sulfonamides, and 1 trimethoprim), 12 antibiotic-resistant genes (10 tet, 2 sul), 4 antibiotic-resistant bacteria (tetracycline, sulfamethoxazole, and combined resistance), and class 1 integron integrase gene (intI1) in the effluent of residential areas, hospitals, and municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) systems. The concentrations of total/individual targets (antibiotics, genes, and bacteria) varied remarkably among different samples, but the hospital samples generally had a lower abundance than the residential area samples. The WWTP demonstrated removal efficiencies of 50.8 % tetracyclines, 66.8 % sulfonamides, 0.5 logs to 2.5 logs tet genes, and less than 1 log of sul and intI1 genes, as well as 0.5 log to 1 log removal for target bacteria. Except for the total tetracycline concentration and the proportion of tetracycline-resistant bacteria (R (2) = 0.330, P < 0.05), there was no significant correlation between antibiotics and the corresponding resistant bacteria (P > 0.05). In contrast, various relationships were identified between antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (P < 0.05). Tet (A) and tet (B) displayed noticeable relationships with both tetracycline and combined antibiotic-resistant bacteria (P < 0.01).

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 87 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Portugal 1 1%
Brazil 1 1%
India 1 1%
China 1 1%
Estonia 1 1%
United States 1 1%
Croatia 1 1%
Unknown 80 92%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 25 29%
Student > Master 17 20%
Researcher 11 13%
Student > Bachelor 8 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 6 7%
Other 16 18%
Unknown 4 5%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Environmental Science 25 29%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 15 17%
Engineering 11 13%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 3%
Immunology and Microbiology 3 3%
Other 15 17%
Unknown 15 17%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 October 2014.
All research outputs
#8,137,735
of 13,029,326 outputs
Outputs from Environmental Science & Pollution Research
#1,214
of 3,584 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#118,892
of 232,168 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Environmental Science & Pollution Research
#29
of 122 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,029,326 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 37th percentile – i.e., 37% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,584 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.1. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 65% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 232,168 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 48th percentile – i.e., 48% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 122 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 75% of its contemporaries.