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Efficiency of the intestinal bacteria in the degradation of the toxic pesticide, chlorpyrifos

Overview of attention for article published in 3 Biotech, August 2012
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • One of the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#9 of 313)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (89th percentile)

Mentioned by

1 news outlet
1 tweeter


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Readers on

34 Mendeley
Efficiency of the intestinal bacteria in the degradation of the toxic pesticide, chlorpyrifos
Published in
3 Biotech, August 2012
DOI 10.1007/s13205-012-0078-0
Pubmed ID

M. K. Harishankar, C. Sasikala, M. Ramya


Chlorpyrifos (CP) is the most commonly used pesticide throughout the world. Its widespread use in agriculture and its potential toxicity to humans from ingestion of CP contaminated food have raised concerns about its risk to health. Human intestinal microflora has the ability to degrade pesticides, but the exact mechanisms involved and the metabolite end-products formed are not well understood. The primary objective of this work was to analyse the in vitro degradation of CP by five model intestinal bacteria namely Lactobacillus lactis, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecalis. Plate assay results revealed that L. lactis, E. coli and L. fermentum could grow with high concentrations of CP (>1,400 μg/mL), whereas E. faecalis and L. plantarum could grow with concentrations as low as 400 and 100 μg/mL, respectively. The best three CP degraders were therefore used in further experiments. The degradation of CP-induced organophosphorous phosphatase (OPP) production and that OPP concentration were higher in the supernatant (extracellular) rather than inside the cells by factor of up to 28. L. fermentum degraded 70 % CP with 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP) detected as the end product. L.lactis degraded up to 61 % CP with chlorpyrifos oxon detected as the end product, whereas E.coli degraded a lesser concentration (16 %) to chlorpyrifos-oxon and diethylphosphate.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 34 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
India 1 3%
France 1 3%
Unknown 32 94%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 15 44%
Student > Master 5 15%
Researcher 4 12%
Student > Bachelor 3 9%
Lecturer > Senior Lecturer 2 6%
Other 5 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 22 65%
Unspecified 3 9%
Environmental Science 2 6%
Immunology and Microbiology 2 6%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 3%
Other 4 12%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 13. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 24 March 2017.
All research outputs
of 9,240,924 outputs
Outputs from 3 Biotech
of 313 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 177,925 outputs
Outputs of similar age from 3 Biotech
of 4 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 9,240,924 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 90th percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 313 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.6. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 177,925 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 89% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 4 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them