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Ecological correlates of risk and incidence of West Nile virus in the United States

Overview of attention for article published in Oecologia, October 2008
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (75th percentile)
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (71st percentile)

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1 blog


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218 Mendeley
1 Connotea
Ecological correlates of risk and incidence of West Nile virus in the United States
Published in
Oecologia, October 2008
DOI 10.1007/s00442-008-1169-9
Pubmed ID

Brian F. Allan, R. Brian Langerhans, Wade A. Ryberg, William J. Landesman, Nicholas W. Griffin, Rachael S. Katz, Brad J. Oberle, Michele R. Schutzenhofer, Kristina N. Smyth, Annabelle de St. Maurice, Larry Clark, Kevin R. Crooks, Daniel E. Hernandez, Robert G. McLean, Richard S. Ostfeld, Jonathan M. Chase


West Nile virus, which was recently introduced to North America, is a mosquito-borne pathogen that infects a wide range of vertebrate hosts, including humans. Several species of birds appear to be the primary reservoir hosts, whereas other bird species, as well as other vertebrate species, can be infected but are less competent reservoirs. One hypothesis regarding the transmission dynamics of West Nile virus suggests that high bird diversity reduces West Nile virus transmission because mosquito blood-meals are distributed across a wide range of bird species, many of which have low reservoir competence. One mechanism by which this hypothesis can operate is that high-diversity bird communities might have lower community-competence, defined as the sum of the product of each species' abundance and its reservoir competence index value. Additional hypotheses posit that West Nile virus transmission will be reduced when either: (1) abundance of mosquito vectors is low; or (2) human population density is low. We assessed these hypotheses at two spatial scales: a regional scale near Saint Louis, MO, and a national scale (continental USA). We found that prevalence of West Nile virus infection in mosquito vectors and in humans increased with decreasing bird diversity and with increasing reservoir competence of the bird community. Our results suggest that conservation of avian diversity might help ameliorate the current West Nile virus epidemic in the USA.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 218 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 16 7%
Australia 2 <1%
United Kingdom 2 <1%
Brazil 2 <1%
Chile 2 <1%
Italy 2 <1%
Germany 1 <1%
France 1 <1%
Ireland 1 <1%
Other 3 1%
Unknown 186 85%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 59 27%
Student > Ph. D. Student 40 18%
Student > Master 28 13%
Student > Bachelor 24 11%
Professor > Associate Professor 16 7%
Other 51 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 140 64%
Environmental Science 34 16%
Unspecified 13 6%
Medicine and Dentistry 11 5%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 5 2%
Other 15 7%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 6. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 16 July 2013.
All research outputs
of 7,516,817 outputs
Outputs from Oecologia
of 2,225 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 102,938 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Oecologia
of 21 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 7,516,817 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 82nd percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,225 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.5. This one has done well, scoring higher than 81% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 102,938 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 75% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 21 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 71% of its contemporaries.