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A phylogenetic examination of the primary anthocyanin production pathway of the Plantae

Overview of attention for article published in Botanical Studies, January 2014
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  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#50 of 101)

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70 Mendeley
Title
A phylogenetic examination of the primary anthocyanin production pathway of the Plantae
Published in
Botanical Studies, January 2014
DOI 10.1186/1999-3110-55-10
Pubmed ID
Authors

James J Campanella, John V Smalley, Maureen E Dempsey

Abstract

Anthocyanin pigments aid in reproduction and provide ultraviolet protection to land plants. We have examined the phylogenetic relationships among the five primary enzymes responsible for producing anthocyanin pigment in its three major forms. Dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), Flavonoid 3'glucosyltransferase (F3GT), flavonoid 3'hydroxylase (F3'H), and flavonoid 3'5' hydroxylase (F3'5'H) are responsible for the final steps in anthocyanin pigment production. We were interested in how conserved the anthocyanin pathway genes may be among land plants, and evolutionarily how far back into the plant lineage anthocyanin production may be traced. The DFR, ANS, F3GT, and F3'H genes date back 450 million years to the first land plants. Mosses, spike mosses, and ferns express these four products, although there is no evidence of sequence orthologues for these genes in algae. Additionally, F3'5'H is not evident in organisms that predated gymnosperms. Our findings support the hypothesis that "blue" anthocyanin pigments did not evolve until 300-350 mya along with the gymnosperms, although the "red" anthocyanin pigments may be as ancient as the mosses (~450 mya).

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 70 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Chile 1 1%
Greece 1 1%
Portugal 1 1%
Sri Lanka 1 1%
Unknown 66 94%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 15 21%
Student > Bachelor 10 14%
Researcher 7 10%
Student > Master 7 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 7%
Other 16 23%
Unknown 10 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 33 47%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 10 14%
Chemistry 5 7%
Environmental Science 2 3%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 2 3%
Other 6 9%
Unknown 12 17%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 February 2017.
All research outputs
#9,958,744
of 12,440,396 outputs
Outputs from Botanical Studies
#50
of 101 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#187,461
of 255,371 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Botanical Studies
#4
of 4 outputs
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