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The Estimated Annual Cost of ADHD to the US Education System

Overview of attention for article published in School Mental Health, June 2011
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • One of the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#1 of 133)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
56 news outlets
twitter
2 tweeters

Citations

dimensions_citation
56 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
65 Mendeley
Title
The Estimated Annual Cost of ADHD to the US Education System
Published in
School Mental Health, June 2011
DOI 10.1007/s12310-011-9057-6
Pubmed ID
Authors

Jessica A. Robb, Margaret H. Sibley, William E. Pelham, E. Michael Foster, Brooke S. G. Molina, Elizabeth M. Gnagy, Aparajita B. Kuriyan

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine and monetize the educational outcomes of students with ADHD. Data were examined from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS), a follow-up study of children diagnosed with ADHD in childhood and recontacted for follow-up in adolescence and young adulthood. A comprehensive educational history was obtained for all participants from Kindergarten through 12(th) grade. Annual economic impact was derived from costs incurred through special education placement, grade retention, and disciplinary incidents. Results indicated that, as compared to students without ADHD, students with ADHD incurred a higher annual cost to the U.S. Education system. Specifically, a student with ADHD incurred an average annual incremental cost to society of $5,007, as compared to $318 for students in the comparison group. These results suggest that prevention and intervention strategies are greatly needed to offset the large financial impact of educating youth with ADHD.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 65 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 3 5%
Brazil 1 2%
Unknown 61 94%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 14 22%
Unspecified 9 14%
Student > Master 9 14%
Researcher 8 12%
Student > Doctoral Student 7 11%
Other 18 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 24 37%
Unspecified 13 20%
Social Sciences 7 11%
Medicine and Dentistry 6 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 8%
Other 10 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 442. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 08 August 2017.
All research outputs
#15,785
of 11,586,569 outputs
Outputs from School Mental Health
#1
of 133 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#15,603
of 10,916,614 outputs
Outputs of similar age from School Mental Health
#1
of 132 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 11,586,569 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 133 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.9. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 10,916,614 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 132 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.