Study of lipase producing gene in wheat - an in silico approach.
Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, May 2021
Shradha Rani, Priya Kumari, Raju Poddar, Soham Chattopadhyay
Lipases (EC 126.96.36.199) catalyze the hydrolysis of oil into free fatty acids and glycerol forming the 3rd largest group of commercialized enzymes. Plant lipases grab attention recently because of their specificity, less production and purified cost, and easy availability. In silico approach is the first step to identify different genes coding for lipase in a most common indigenous plant, wheat, to explore the possibility of this plant as an alternative source for commercial lipase production. As the hierarchy organization of genes reflects an ancient process of gene duplication and divergence, many of the theoretical and analytical tools of the phylogenetic systematics can be utilized for comparative genomic studies. Also, in addition to experimental identification and characterization of genes, for computational genomic analysis, Arabidopsis has become a popular strategy to identify crop genes which are economically important, as Arabidopsis genes had been well identified and characterized for lipase. A number of articles had been reported in which genes of wheat have shown strong homology with Arabidopsis. The complete genome sequences of rice and Arabidopsis constitute a valuable resource for comparative genome analysis as they are representatives of the two major evolutionary lineages within the angiosperms. Here, in this in silico approach, Arabidopsis and Oryza sativa serve as models for dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous species, respectively, and the genomic sequence data available was used to identify the lipase genes in wheat. In this present study, Ensembl Plants database was explored for lipase producing gene present in wheat genome and 21 genes were screened down as they contain specific domain and motif for lipase (GXSXG). According to the evolutionary analysis, it was found that the gene TraesCS5B02G157100, located in 5B chromosome, has 58.35% sequence similarity with the reported lipase gene of Arabidopsis thaliana and gene TraesCS3A02G463500 located in the 3A chromosome has 51.74% sequence similarity with the reported lipase gene of Oryza sativa. Homology modeling was performed using protein sequences coded by aforementioned genes and optimized by molecular dynamic simulations. Further with the help of molecular docking of modeled structures with tributyrin, binding efficiency was checked, and the difference in energies (DE) was -9.83 kcal/mol and -6.67 kcal/mol, respectively. The present work provides a basic understanding of the gene-encoding lipase in wheat, which could be easily accessible and used as a potent industrial enzyme. The study enlightens another direction which can be used further to explore plant lipases.
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