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Effect of choline chloride supplementation on milk production and milk composition of Etawah grade goats

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Animal Science and Technology, January 2016
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Title
Effect of choline chloride supplementation on milk production and milk composition of Etawah grade goats
Published in
Journal of Animal Science and Technology, January 2016
DOI 10.1186/s40781-016-0113-5
Pubmed ID
Authors

Supriyati, , Budiarsana, I Gusti Made, Praharani, Lisa, Krisnan, Rantan, Sutama, I Ktut

Abstract

The effect of choline chloride supplementation through forced drinking combined with concentrate diets containing Ca-fish oil on milk production and milk composition of Etawah Grade goats was evaluated. Choline chloride is an essential component in ruminant diets as it is required for fat metabolism. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized block design with three types of treatments and eight replications. The trial had two successive experimental periods; the first, during the eight weeks of late pregnancy, and the second, during the first 12 weeks of lactation. Twenty-four Etawah Grade does in the second gestation period were divided into three treatment groups. Commercial choline chloride 60 % in corncobs-based powder was used as a source of choline chloride. The treatments were no supplementation (control) and supplemented with either 4 g or 8 g/2days of choline chloride. Choline chloride was given to the animals through a forced drinking technique, after dissolving it in 60 ml drinking water. The initial body weight of does was 38.81 ± 3.66 kg. The does were penned individually, and were given fresh chopped King Grass ad libitum and 700 g/day of concentrate diets containing Ca-fish oil, starting eight weeks prior to expecting kidding and continuing for 12 weeks of parturition. All nutrient intakes were not significantly different (p > 0.05) among the treatments during the late pregnancy and the lactation periods. Supplementation did not affect (p > 0.05) the average daily gains and feed conversion ratio during pregnancy but gave effects (p < 0.05) on the average daily gains, feed conversion ratio and income over feed cost during lactation. The highest average daily milk yields and 4 % fat corrected milk yields were found in goats supplemented with 4 g/2days of choline chloride and increased by 17.00 % and 24.67 %, respectively, compared to the control. Moreover, milk composition percentage and milk constituent yields improved significantly (p < 0.05) in those supplemented with 4 g/2days of choline chloride. The supplementation of 4 g/2days of choline chloride through forced drinking increased milk yields, the 4 % fat corrected milk yields, milk composition, milk constituent yields, and improved feed conversion ratio and income over feed cost of Etawah Grade goats.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 20 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Kenya 1 5%
Unknown 19 95%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 5 25%
Student > Master 3 15%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 15%
Unspecified 2 10%
Other 2 10%
Other 5 25%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 5 25%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 15%
Unspecified 2 10%
Chemical Engineering 1 5%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 1 5%
Other 8 40%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 10 August 2016.
All research outputs
#7,089,822
of 8,192,854 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Animal Science and Technology
#27
of 40 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#217,323
of 257,285 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Animal Science and Technology
#3
of 3 outputs
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